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June 2015 (published: 28.05.2015)
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New trends in F-gas regulation to refrigeration industry
Tsvetkov O. B., Baranenko A.V., Laptev Yu.A. , Timofeev B. D., Pjatakov G.L. , Birin S.A.
This paper focuses particularly on modern tendencies and strategies in development of low-temperature engineering discussed at international conference in St. Petersburg (Russia) in February, 2015. In order to phase out and reduce ozone-depleting and global warming gases, the low-temperature industry and society need modern solutions and modern refrigeration technology.
According to the Montreal Protocol production and consumption of chlorofluorocarbons(CFCs) and hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs) in developed countries are or will be phased out by 1996 and 2020 for CFCs and HCFCs respectively. HFCs production and consumption would be phased down with the tools of the Montreal Protocol. Key elements to be taken into account when choosing a low- GWP refrigerants: energy efficiency, thermophysical properties, reducing leakage, refrigeration charge reduction, safety issues and new technologies, which requires increasing research in universities and companies.
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Keywords: low-temperature engineering, refrigerants, environmental challenges, HCFC, CFC, F-gas, low GWP refrigerant, thermophysical properties, leakage.
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